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Bob HAWKE
2014-04-04 15:58:49
6,164 次浏览
来源:人大新闻网
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Bob HAWKE

霍克

澳大利亚前总理
博鳌亚洲论坛咨询委员

Former Prime Minister of Australia

Member, Council of Advisors, BFA

The Hon Bob Hawke was born in South Australia in 1929. After completing his education at the University of Western Australia (degrees of Bachelor of Laws and Bachelor of Arts Economics), he studied at Oxford University under Rhodes Scholarship in 1953 – 1955, graduating with the degree of Bachelor of Letters. In 1956 he returned to Australia to take up a research scholarship at the Australian National University, and in 1958 became Research Officer and Advocate with the Australian Council of Trade Unions (ACTU). He was ACTU President from 1970-1980. In 1980 he was elected to the Federal Parliament, and in February 1983 became the Leader of the Opposition. He led the Labor Party to victory in the general election in March 1983 and, in winning three successive elections, became Australia’s longest serving Labor Prime Minister. He ceased to be Prime Minister in December 1991 and resigned from the Parliament in February 1992. His post-parliamentary career has included Adjunct Professor in the Research Schools of Pacific Studies and Social Sciences at the Australian National University; Honorary Visiting Professor in Industrial Relations at the University of Sydney and Membership of the Advisory Council of the Institute for International Studies at Stanford University. He is an Honorary Fellow at the University College of Oxford and holds Honorary Degrees from the University of Western Australia, Nanjing University of China, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem; the University of New South Wales; the University of South Australia; Honorary Doctorate of Civil Law, Oxford University and an Hon Doctorate of Humanities, Rikkyo University, Tokyo (2003). Current honorary positions include: Member of the Council of Advisors of the Boao Forum for Asia; Chairman, The Hawke Research Institute Advisory Board at the Bob Hawke Prime Ministerial Centre, University of South Australia; Chairman of the Committee of Experts on Membership of the Education International; Chairman, Trade Union Education Foundation; Member of the Advisory Board,

Deliberative Issues Australia; and Patron of Indigenous Engineering Aid.

鲍勃·霍克阁下 1929 年出生于南澳洲。于西澳大学获得法律学士学位及经济学士学位后, 1953 年至 1955 年获得罗氏奖学金并就读于牛津大学,获文学学士学位。1956 年返回澳大 利亚,在澳大利亚国立大学从事研究工作。1958 年担任研究室主任并成为澳大利亚工会理 事会的提倡者。1970 至 1980 年任澳大利亚工会理事会主席。1980 年获选为澳大利亚联邦 议会议员,并于 1983 年当选为反对党领袖。率领澳大利亚工党在 1983 年 3 月的大选中大 获全胜,并连续三次赢得大选,成为澳大利亚有史以来任职时间最长的工党总理。1991 年 12 月卸任,1992 年 2 月退出议会。此后,霍克担任的职务包括:澳大利亚国立大学太平洋 研究与社会科学研究院副教授、悉尼大学劳资关系名誉客座教授以及斯坦福大学国际关系学 院咨询委员会成员。他是牛津大学大学学院名誉研究员;获得西澳大学、中国南京大学、耶 路撒冷希伯来大学、新南威尔士大学、南澳大学名誉学位;牛津大学民法荣誉博士、日本立 教大学人文科学名誉博士。其担任的名誉职务包括:博鳌亚洲论坛咨询委员、西澳大学鲍 勃·霍克总理中心霍克研究院理事会理事长、教育国际成员专家委员会主席、工会教育基金 会主席、澳大利亚事务协商理事会成员及本土工程学援助赞助人。